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英语词语辨析

日期:2007-04-17  来源:  作者:

你知道advise, persuadesuggest的区别吗?

advisesuggest都有给某人以某种劝告、建议等意思,但不考虑结果如何、是否接受。

1advise vt.给人以忠告、建议,以便克服某种困难,语气较平和。其后可以接名词、代词、不定式复合结构、动名词以及that引导的定语从句。如:

  The doctor advised a complete rest.医生建议完全休息。

  He advised me to keep my money in the bank.

他建议我把钱存到银行。

I advised his starting at once.我建议他马上动身。

注意:advise后的宾语从句中的谓语动词常用should加动词原形的形式。如:

  I advised that (should) write the composition carefully.

  我劝他要仔细写作文。

2suggest vt.指向某人建议、提议,后接名词、代词、动名词、宾语从句,宾语从句中谓语动词也用should加动词原形的形式。如:

  We suggested a visit the next day.我们建议第二天去访问。

  I suggested bringing the meeting to an end / that we should bring the meeting to an end. 我建议把会议开完。

注意: suggest还可以表“暗示、说明”等意思后接宾语从句时,从句中谓语动词不用虚拟语气(should加动词原形)。如:

  Her appearance suggests that she is living a happy life.

  她的样子说明她生活得很幸福。

  Her expression suggested she was angry.

  她的表情说明她在生气。

3persuade vt.作“劝服”解,强调劝说“成功”。常用于下列句型:persuade sb. to do sth.persuade sb. into doing sth.。如:

  They persuaded her to take the TOEFL exam.

  他们说服了她参加托福考试。

  How can I persuade him into accepting the invitation?

  我怎么能说服他接受这个邀请呢?

注意:如果表示“说服某人做某事”并未成功,要用try to persuade sb. to do sth.advise sb. to do sth.。如:

  I tried to persuade him not to go to the cinema, but he didn’t listen to me. 我试图说服他不要去看电影,但是他不听我的劝告。

 Though the doctor advised his patient to give up smoking, yet he wasn’t able to persuade him to do so.

 虽然医生建议病人戒烟,但是他没能够说服他这样做。

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