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趣味英语起源:National Day国庆节的来历

日期:2012-12-23  来源:网络  作者:未知

国庆节的来历

Nodal background of Chinese greatoccasion of nation

  One phrase of" greatoccasion of nation", a nation is pleased to celebrate of matter, was seein the west Jin at the earliest stage. The author six machines of the west Jinare in 《fifth wait various theory 》one text once have" great occasion of nation only the itsbenefit, the main sorrow harms with it" to jot down, the important eventthat our country feudal age, nation is pleased to celebrate, great too Caesareanmount the throne, birthday( the Manchu Dynasty calls the birthday of theemperor as the long live stanza) etc……As a result the ancient times of ourcountry ascends the throne the emperor, the birthday is called" greatoccasion of nation".Call that the anniversary of the nationalestablishment celebrates for the country today.

“国庆”一词,本指国家喜庆之事,最早见于西晋.西晋的文学家陆机在《五等诸侯论》一文中就曾有“国庆独飨其利,主忧莫与其害”的记载、我国封建时代、国家喜庆的大事,莫大过于帝王的登基、诞辰(清朝称皇帝的生日为万岁节)等.因而我国古代把皇帝即位、诞辰称为“国庆”.今天称国家建立的纪念日为国庆.

  On October 1 in 1949, it is theanniversary that newChinaestablish. The here should explain 1:00, in many persons' impression, TienanmenSquare of l day at Peking of October of 1949 holds to count the People'sRepublic of China that 100,000 armed forces and people attend to found a nationthe big .In fact, this impression within people's brains prohibits also indeed.Isn't to found a nation the big because, the ceremony that hold in TienanmenSquare on October 1 was central people's government of the People's Republic ofChina in 1949 to establish the prosperous ,.Actually, the People's Republic ofChina" found a nation", also is to say that the People's Republic ofChina establish, as early as that year previous week of October 1 has alreadydeclared. Also don'ted call at that time" founded a nation the big ",but call" founded a nation the prosperous ".Time is September 21 in1949.This day, the Chinese domestic affairs cures to negotiate the meeting toprepare and plan the meeting director the hair 泽easthelps the first batch meeting in the 政up with theresult that of open to have already announced new naissance of China in thephrase.

  1949年10月1日,是新中国成立的纪念日.这里应该说明一点,在许多人的印象中,1949年的10月l日在北京天安门广场举行了有数十万军民参加的中华人民共和国开国大典.其实,人们头脑中的这一印象并不准确.因为,1949年10月1日在天安门广场举行的典礼是中华人民共和国中央人民政府成立盛典,而不是开国大典.实际上,中华人民共和国的“开国”,也就是说中华人民共和国的成立,早在当年10月1日之前一个星期就已经宣布过了.当时也不叫“开国大典”,而是称作“开国盛典”.时间是1949年9月21日.这一天,中国人民政治协商会议筹备会主任毛泽东在政协第一届会议上所致的开幕词中就已经宣告了新中国的诞生.

  So a day of great occasion ofnation is what is the row again October Cure to negotiate the nationalcommittee of the meeting first batch in the Chinese domestic affairs meetingfor the first time up, wide the even speech say:" MA3 XU4 LUN2's member ofcommittee asks for leave and can't come, he gives me to say, the People'sRepublic of China establish, should have the great occasion of nation for day,so hope to will decide to settle October 1 to celebrate the day for the countryoriginally." The hair 泽east say" we shouldmake on suggest, suggest toward the government, decide from thegovernment." On October 2 in 1949, central people's government pass 《concerning resolution of the People's Republic of China greatoccasion of nation day 》, provision every year October1 celebrates the day for the country, and be the day that announce the People'sRepublic of China's establish this day.

那么10月1日的国庆又是怎么回事呢?在中国人民政治协商会议第一届全国委员会第一次会议上,许广平发言说:“马叙伦委员请假不能来,他托我来说,中华人民共和国的成立,应有国庆日,所以希望本会决定把10月1日定为国庆日.”毛泽东说“我们应作一提议,向政府建议,由政府决定.”1949年10月2日,中央人民政府通过《关于中华人民共和国国庆日的决议》,规定每年10月1日为国庆日,并以这一天作为宣告中华人民共和国成立的日子.


  From now on, October 1 of everyyear became the festival that national and each with solemn and impressiveclansmen people celebrate.

从此,每年的10月1日就成为全国各族人民隆重欢庆的节日了.

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